Health & Fitness

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Features Of A Perfect Wardrobe For Your Room

The civilization has reached an era of facilities and comfort, and there are so many technologies being developed daily, so many new revolutionary designs and people are upgrading too. They want to live in luxury and do buy things that suit them and are liked by them. They have a beautiful room which they have decorated with all the necessary items and perfect lighting. Most people keep all the important things and clothes in a wardrobe, and so they require a multi-professional wardrobe that can cater to their needs and stay for a long period. 

There are many wardrobes with different designs and sizes, and one can get the wardrobe made according to the size of the carpenter’s shop. Some features are a must in a good wardrobe, and everyone should take care of these things while buying themselves one.


Space: Every owner demands storage as their basic need to fit everything they need to. The wardrobe is the station for all the clothes that need to be washed, ironed, or ready to be worn or mähkimiskummut kept for kids. Another thing is the shoe compartment and other necessary kinds of stuff. Ample of space prevents overcrowding of things over the wardrobe.


The type of the wardrobe depends upon the customer. Some don’t have enough space at home and cannot afford a large wardrobe, while others have many spaces. There can be special needs, such as these days sliding doors is trending, and a few people use the opening gates. The type depends on the taste of the customer’s choice.

In the end, the details about the material used and texture designed for the wardrobe make it look beautiful and match with the environment, which is essentially important because one loves things that seem to adjust with the room and don’t seem strange.

Are Your Sitting Habits Hurting The Way You Walk

As children we are often told to sit up straight, to refrain from slouching and to walk upright and not slump over. Well, besides getting such stellar advice from those around us, these tips are actually beneficial to our overall health.

This is because there is more evidence being found to support the notion that good posture contributes to a range of health benefits. Standing tall as well as sitting upright can do a multitude of things from reducing back and joint pain to boosting mood.

Good posture goes past just simply standing with your shoulders thrown back, it should permeate every movement too. Having good and proper alignment of the spine and limbs while standing as well as having the ears over the shoulders, shoulders over hips, and hips over the knees and ankles is key. Body weight should be distributed evenly between the feet, too.

Posture shouldn’t just stop being as best as it can be when you’re standing or sitting, it should also be had while walking, getting up out of a chair or using a cellphone or tablet; especially in a day and age where tablets, cell pones and laptops are used on a frequent basis. All of these electronics require the head to be pointed in a certain direction and angle. Not doing so in the correct manner can drastically alter alignment and affect health.

The structure of the spine is critical to the full functionality of life in us all. Being constantly hunched-over due to constant usage of electronic devices is becoming a growing concern, and is sparking new back and neck pain problems for those of a young age.

Because poor posture can often be due to severe obesity or weak muscle tone, correcting it is often a lengthy and expensive process if left untreated. Even for those who are in good shape, bad posture habits can be so ingrained that it takes constant vigilance and a healthy routine to improve them.

One of the most common posture problems is kyphosis, which is a direct result of spending too much time in front of a computer. The symptoms include shoulders hunched forward, the pectoral muscles in the chest tightened, the neck and head extend toward the computer screen, and the spine is no longer vertically aligned. This has now become a problem in the way in which many who suffer from this walk as well.

Kyphosis is combatted by proper stretching of the pectoral muscles and the trapezius muscles in the upper back. Doing this help to hold the shoulder blades back. While walking, remembering to keep the ears and head over the shoulders and not jutting forward is also important.

Another common problem is lordosis, or swayback, where the lower spine curves inward. Strengthening the core muscles around the trunk and pelvis can help to rid the body of this.

Consult your primary care physician or chiropractor for any medical related advice.

Are You Ready To Glow Again An Insight Into Anti Aging Skin Care

Due to increased health and lifestyle awareness, the market for anti-aging skin care has boomed in the past decade. Technological advances within the anti-aging field allowed for the introduction of effective counter-clockwise products into an everyday beauty routine. With medical fundamentals, these anti-aging products aid the health and maintenance of mature skin, along with adding attractive aesthetic benefits.

What happens when your skin ages?

Due to the approach of the menopause, many mature women undergo dramatic hormonal changes that include the decline of the hormones produced by the ovaries (progesterone and estrogen). This causes a decline in the synthesis of the components of the skin matrix, epidermis thickening, and dermis thinning due to the reduction of the production of sebum.

The resilience of the skin also declines, which leads to the progressive development of fine lines and wrinkles. There are more negative factors to think about: past and present sun overexposure accelerates pigmentation damage, and slackening muscles that promote facial sag, just to name a few.

Beautiful skin is not lost with age.

Everyone at any age can be proactive when it comes to the well-being of their skin and anti-aging skin care. Below are some advised precautionary measures you can take as part of an anti-aging routine:

Incorporate a retinoid into your beauty regime.

Scientifically proven as one of the most effective anti-aging agents that reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, a beauty product with added retinoids will boost collagen production and normalize cell renewal (which declines as skin matures). Derived from vitamin A, it is advised to begin with a retinol product that is less irritating and more accessible. A worthwhile example would be a Retinol Creama from Benev, an anti-aging product that has been stabilized with antioxidants to ensure consistent results and enhanced with a tissue-hydrator in the form of Rose Hip Oil to prevent skin dehydration.

Ensuring skin hydration is of utmost importance.

Keeping your skin hydrated and moisturized as it ages is very important. To avoid the parched look of aged skin, it is vital to include an anti-aging moisturizer with added antioxidants into your anti-aging skin care routine. The neutralization of free radicals makes antioxidants essential. For example, a daily anti-aging moisturizer like Kinerase cream is formulated with the natural plant extract, kinetin. Kinetin is the actual extract that prevents plant leaves from drying, and now it has been adapted to increase the ability of aging skin to maintain moisture and improve appearance.

Rejuvenate skin with amino acid top ups.

It is well known that amino acids make up basic epidermal skin proteins, such as collagen, lipids, elastin, keratin, as well as skin tissue proteins that are vital for skin maintenance. AminoGenesis Cocoon is a deep-hydrating anti-aging moisturizer that uses seventeen plant-derived amino acids that have been blended in a process known as low energy emulsion technology. This is a stable formula that can be used to aid dry skin conditions, as well as for anti-aging.

Hexapeptides work on the same principal as botox.

Hexapeptides are similar to botox, but a fraction of the price a and none of the unease. Hexapeptides are amino acids utilized by anti-aging products like a Freeze 24-7 Anti-Aging Eye Seruma which inhibit muscle movements and softens crowâ’s feet. Although an eye cream cannot reach the depths that botox can, favourable studies have applauded its effectiveness.

Antioxidants are the allies of anti-aging sun protection.

First, use sunscreen daily. Second, as your skin age increases, so should the SPF number on your sunscreen. Increasing your SPF from 15 to 30 gives more effective protection from fine line-inducing UV rays. Look for specific anti-aging skin care sun protection against UVA and UVB rays, as well as ones that incorporate antioxidants such as Vitamin C and E. Antioxidants will protect against the formation of dangerous free radicals from UV exposure. Read labels on anti-aging sun protection products and look for UVA blockers such as avobenzone and helioplex.

Age gracefully with anti-aging skin care

If you want to maintain the vibrancy of your skin as it matures, then consider adapting your lifestyle to incorporate some anti-aging awareness and anti-aging products. Extensive research and exciting scientific developments within the anti-aging field leaves the future as bright as our skin’s potential.

Botox Medical Implications And Cost

Everyone is familiar with Botox. You know how these injectables promote youth and keep you beautiful. But just what exactly is Botox – Phoenix or elsewhere?

Botox is one of the popular trade names of botulinum toxin – a protein that causes a certain kind of food poisoning called botulism. Botulism is otherwise known as “fatty poison” because it is said to be the result of the infestation of an inappropriate number of bacteria in improperly processed meat products. Now, enough with the yucky stuff!

Botox –

Phoenix or in any part of the country – is widely known for its use in several cosmetic procedures. Botox is injected to certain areas in the face – especially those that are mostly affected by wrinkles.

So how does Botox – Phoenix or elsewhere – work? Botox weakens or paralyzes certain muscles by blocking the action of certain nerves. Specifically, it disrupts the release of a chemical called acetylcholine. This chemical is responsible for making the muscles contract, thereby creating wrinkles.

Medically known as Botulinum Toxin Type A, Botox is a friend to many. Statistics suggest that Botox – Phoenix and throughout the country, is the number one cosmetic procedure – with over $3.8 million worth of treatment in the year 2005. This only shows that to date, Botox has already helped millions of individuals deal with those nagging wrinkles and bothersome facial lines.

Where Did This Fad Come From

So you may wonder, how did such a toxic chemical become something that can avert the signs of aging? How did a so-called bacterium transform itself into something wonderful?

Studies show that Botox was first introduced in the market in the late 1980′s as a way of treating disorders related to the optic muscle. Then, in 2002, it was approved by the Food and Drug Authority for cosmetic use. From then on, it was sought left and right by many glamorous, popular and middle-class individuals alike for the preservation of their youth.

The Cost

So, how much does Botox – Phoenix and elsewhere – cost? What is the price of ageless beauty, so to speak?

As with any other cosmetic and medical procedure, the cost of Botox injections depends on the extent of the use, the region where you are in, and of course the rate of your doctor.

Remember, Botox injections have to be done in a hospital, by a doctor qualified to handle this procedure. You cannot perform this all by yourself. There are side effects to this injectible and it is best if you are backed up by professional and medical expertise when you want to have your face “re-sculpted.”

Normally, the cost for Botox – Phoenix or anywhere else in the country – would range from $125 to $400. This is PER treatment area. Simply put, if you want more injections and less wrinkles, you have to pay more. Don’t worry though, you can talk to your doctor to discuss some payment plans. This way, you don’t have to be financially burdened by such a vain choice.

Indeed, beauty has a price. And if you are really sold out to the idea of keeping your face wrinkle-free and line-free, then you may want to consider getting Botox injections.

Lower Back Pain During Early Pregnancy

While being pregnant, women may experience a different kind of signs and symptoms, including dizziness, nausea, missed period, as well as lower-back pain. Pain in the lower back only occurs in the first trimester of being pregnant with 80% of expecting women. Often, aside from lacking one’s period, women can find out she is pregnant if she is encountering regular lower back pain during early pregnancy.

Lower back pain during early pregnancy can be a result of many factors. Several of the reasons for this back pain are the following:

• Stretching on the ligaments – a female’s body demands to arrange and stretch itself along the abdominal area for pregnancy. For that reason, women who are pregnant can experience pains in the lower part of their back.

• Excess weight – when pregnant, a woman may gain extra weight. For that reason, and along with the weight of the developing fetus, the spinal column cannot include the weight well.

• Position – as the belly of an expectant mother enlarges, she’s the tendency to bend backwards, resulting to pain in her back.

• Center of gravity – the woman’s body begins to move forward due to the swelling of the uterus.

• Stress – pregnancy can be a stressful time for a woman, both mentally and physically. Because of that, the pelvis weakens and back pain results.

• Hormones – hormones are extremely much active in pregnancy. Progesterone, a hormone created by women, may soften the pelvic ligaments to cause back pain.

• Urinary tract infections – UTI may be a cause of back pains, and during pregnancy, women are more vulnerable to have UTI.

Pregnant women should not worry if ever they are suffering from lower back pain during early pregnancy. It can be a normal phase of being pregnant. Nevertheless, there are no approaches for these to stop occurring, you will still find measures, which can help the pain to be manageable.

A pregnant woman can perform these following steps to minimize the pain they’re going to experience in their lower backs:

• To start with, it is important for a pregnant woman to perform exercises on their pregnancy. Try doing back exercises to help decrease the pains in your back. You can do walking, pelvic rocking, stretching, along with back exercises.

• Drink a lot of fluid to help relieves the pain a result of UTI.

• Take lots of rest. Women who are pregnant require a lot of rest, to get more strength and energy for her and the baby’s health.

• When lying down, placing a pillow on your lower back can really help ease the lower the pain in early pregnancy.

• Stop wearing heels and high-heeled shoes while pregnant. Just wear flats and comfy footwear that will help you achieve more balance.

The stated tips above some of the cures and safety measures that a young pregnant woman can do to eliminate the soreness experienced caused by lower back pain during early pregnancy. It is normal for women to experience several uneasy as well as painful symptoms during pregnancy. These things are not to be avoided, but by doing preventive measures, could make them bearable. Pregnancy is really a crucial period for every woman, so utmost care needs to be observed to guarantee the safety and health of both mother and child.

How To Face Your Fears

I have a confession to make. I am terrified, terrified of speaking in front of people. Seriously, it’s borderline obnoxious. In college, I even took a public speaking course in an attempt to get over this completely irrational fear of mine. However, my plan backfired terribly and I pretty much just ended up being terrified of the class and of public speaking. The weirdest part is that I really don’t even know why I have this fear- I know that the nightmare of being laughed at and ridiculed is only that- a nightmare. But in real life, regardless of the polite interest of my audience, I inevitably end up with a shaky voice, sweaty palms, and a lot of “ummm”s and “uhhhh”s.

What are your most irrational fears? How do you deal with them (or do you deal with them)? While we all have fears, some of them are better left untouched (snakes, for instance), while others should be dealt with head on. Here are three fears that we should always face, for the sake of enriching our lives:

Being In Charge

This is where my fear comes into play- whether you’re commanding a room full of people for a few minutes with a speech or you’re leading a project at work, being the center of attention and having people listen to you can be scary. Like, really scary. And, yes, there is a certain amount of pressure that comes along with being in charge. Like it or not, these people are expecting something great from you. However, on the flip side of that coin, this can be a momentous occasion to prove that you have something to say that is worthy of their attention. Use this fear as an excuse to exceed expectations- yours and theirs.

Offering Constructive Criticism

I think that it goes without saying that people are never hoping to be criticized- constructively or otherwise. However, that does not mean that you should always refrain from offering it, when the criticism is something that could potentially really help someone. It’s not a fun thing to do, it’s rather nerve wracking, and there is always the off chance that it will not be well received. Yet, in the end, this sort of situation can end up leaving you relieved and, in many circumstances, closer and more connected to that person than before.

Having a Conversation with Someone Who You’ve Upset

It’s incredibly difficult to face someone after you’ve managed to upset or disappoint them, regardless of if you feel as if it was warranted or not. Saying ‘I’m sorry’ is something that we all fear, because as humans, we fear vulnerability. And admitting wrong-doing is, to some degree, an action that leaves us emotionally vulnerable. However, in order to strengthen bonds, it is important that we face this fear and learn the humbling art of apologizing.

The Many Uses Of Botox

Botox has many uses, but most people think that botox is only a treatment for treating wrinkles. This kind of injection can be used for many purposes. Read on…

The thought of injecting a foreign substance on your face is actually very scary. Nervousness about botox is justified. The substance is known to be from bacteria, and it’s a toxin, too. Also, the same toxin has been said to be the cause of many cases of severe food poisoning. It can also temporarily paralyze muscles around the face, preventing nerve signals from going to the facial muscles. Many people complain of feeling stiff after treatment.

Wrinkle Fighting Action

When facial muscles move, they develop creases over time. We call these creases wrinkles and they often indicate old age. Repeated movement will also lead to laugh lines. Squinting will also lead to more wrinkles. Because botox prevents muscles from moving, the wrinkles are not as visible as they are normally. This is the main action of botox injections, and why they are so popular among men and women who want to look younger.

Lines that develop around the eyes and mouth are the main targets of botox. By injecting the drug, the muscles won’t move and become paralyzed. This means that you will look frozen, but your face will be wrinkle free.

The toxin has no lasting effects, but the beautification properties will last for at least three months before you have to be injected with the toxin again. Creasing stops when the botox is injected, but it will resume when a person goes for a long time without injections.

Sweating Problems

People who sweat in an excessive manner often need treatment. One available treatment is botox injection. Reducing the body’s ability to sweat is one of the not-so-known selling points of botox. People who discovered this early made use of this discovery to improve their hygiene. However, excessive sweating can be cured by other means, which makes botox injections less desirable for this purpose than others.

Versus Migraine Headaches

Another reason why people like botox injections is the migraine fighting ability of the drug. The headaches become less frequent, as some patients have claimed. Although there still is no concrete proof that this would actually work against migraines, some individuals are already looking into this solution to an existing problem. Migraine headaches can be chronic, but some headache types are not. Botox injections are said to help with the chronic kind of headache, but not the regular ones.

Research on more uses for botox are underway. Scientists are looking at the possibility of reducing muscular tics and spasms using botox injections. Upper motor neuron syndrome and cervical dystonia may also be treated with botulinum toxin.

It may take a while before we can really pit the risks and dangers of using botox injections against the benefits listed here. For now, patients who want to avail of this treatment need to make sure that a licensed facility does the injecting. Some illegal botox injections may be using other drugs that have different side effects.

Growing Concerns About The Abuse Misuse Of Plyometrics

Plyometrics represent a form of exercise that has been employed over the last 30 years by elite athletes in order to promote speed, explosiveness, and faster reaction times. But more recently, plyometrics have found their way into the mainstream as a result of the wildly increasing popularity of jump filled workouts such as high intensity interval training, CrossFit, and Boot Camp classes. What has followed is an increase in injuries, particularly for the everyday exerciser.

Plyometrics is defined as any exercise in which muscles are repeatedly and rapidly stretched and then explosively contracted. Examples of this include jumping high off the ground or doing push-ups with a clap between each repetition. Playing catch with a medicine ball can also be considered plyometrics, along with skipping, bounding, and jumping. Plyometrics is believed to teach muscles to react faster. Plyometrics are believed to produce more power because the faster a muscle can contract, the more powerful it becomes. As a result, it has been a part of training for elite and professional athletes in a variety of sports, particularly those who engage in rapid stop /starts like basketball and tennis players.

Unfortunately, there is an increasing body of evidence that demonstrates that plyometrics is associated with pain and accelerated aging/degeneration of tendons, particularly when performed too frequently or improperly. The clinically painful tendons that can be produced by plyometric performance are now characterized at the microscopic level by collagen fragmentation, increased ground substance, and neovascularization of the affected tendon(s). These tissue abnormalities are believed to develop from an ineffectual healing response to the repetitive microtears within a tendon(s) that can be produced by plyometrics. The natural healing process may not be sufficiently capable of healing the repetitively strained tissue once these abnormal tendon changes develop.

Proper instruction and guidance is essential to the safe performance of plyometrics. It appears that most injuries occur when people attempt plyometrics without proper supervision and instruction. Also, a good strength base is essential before proceeding with any plyometric training programs. Because they can be so hard on the tendons even well-trained athletes are well advised to limit plyometric drills to no more than twice a week.

An increasing risk group for plyometric induced injury is the CrossFit crowd. This represents a younger population of exercisers who are willing to expend a lot of energy in the pursuit of high-end goals by following a high intensity, constantly varied exercise activity schedule that is performed several times per week.

There has been an increasing and worrisome misconception that plyometric training is somehow beneficial for weight loss. This simply is not so. Those exercise novices and overweight individuals who incorporate substantial amounts of plyometric training will encounter injury far sooner than any appreciable loss of body fat. It is far better to accomplish weight loss with other exercise/nutritional strategies before embarking on a plyometric program. Certainly, the load on muscles and tendons will be less…..and less likely to produce injury.

For the beginning to intermediate level exerciser, some guidelines for incorporating plyometrics is in order: Beginners should perform plyometrics no more than once a week, for five minutes, at low intensity. Certainly not every day. Plyometric jumps should not be performed until the exerciser is capable of performing squats in proper fashion with his/her own body weight. Whenever possible, or whenever in doubt, one should seek proper instruction before performing plyometric drills and techniques. Moreover, instruction on proper landing techniques is essential in order to avoid lower extremity, hip, and spine injuries. Activities like jumping over cones, skipping, and ladder hopping on the ground do train the neuromuscular system. They seem deceivingly simple and easy to perform. However, when performed repetitiously and at high intensity these activities have the potential to produce significant pain and injury.

In short, plyometrics can provide definite training benefits to athletes, but should be carefully integrated and performed in order to avoid potentially painful and costly problems.

We are a Sports Chiropractic and Rehabilitation facility located in Walnut Creek, CA. Feel free to contact us with your questions or concerns at (925) 945-1155 or .

Depression And Pain What We Can Learn From Retired Pro Football Players

Retired professional football players experience levels of depressive symptoms similar to those of the general population, but the impact of their depressive symptoms is compounded by high levels of chronic pain. The combination of depression and pain is associated with sleep disorder, problematic social relationships, financial difficulties, and problems with maintaining exercise and fitness. In particular, it is often observed that musculoskeletal disability and chronic pain interferes with the ability to maintain physical activity and fitness during retirement. The reduction in fitness, therefore, increases the risk of depression.

Television programs like HBO’s “Real Sports” are replete with feature stories of the difficulties professional athletes have transitioning from a full-time elite athletic career to retirement. It is generally believed that the transition is difficult and traumatic because of the sudden cessation of the demands of elite athletic performance, compounded by the sudden loss of the athlete’s intense devotion to professional athletic competition and its attendant rewards. At the elite level, the athlete’s life is carefully organized around his or her performance, as are support personnel and extensive logistic and financial resources. Upon retirement, professional athletes have reported bewilderment in the transition to a life that is absent of such intense commitment. The resources and personnel that once organized and managed their lives are now gone, and the rewards, both emotional and financial, are diminished….if not vanished entirely.

We are presented with all sorts of stories and studies in the popular media. We see that a number of studies have described the risk of suicide in active college athletes, the risk of depression in college graduates who were previously varsity athletes. We are becoming familiar with the association between concussion(s) experienced during active professional football participation and the diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment later in life…or even Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE). We are even made aware of suicide in professional athletes or other injured athletes. But despite all these articles and reports, we hear little about the simple association between depression and pain among retired National Football League (NFL) players.

Yet it is the combination of depressive symptoms and pain that puts retired players at the highest risk of significant difficulties in retirement. The relationship between depression and pain in the general population, alone, is important and complex. A systematic review of almost 60 studies of the co-morbidity of pain and depression showed that roughly two thirds of patients with major depressive disorder had significant pain symptoms, and roughly half of patients seen in chronic pain clinics met criteria for major depressive disorder.

Given what we are seeing in the general population, the frequency with which retired professional football players report difficulty with pain seems to put them at additional risk of both developing depression and experiencing the associated difficulties with retirement mentioned previously. Depressive symptoms and pain interact to result in a strong tendency toward sleeping problems, difficulty with aging, loss of fitness and lack of exercise, financial problems, and overuse of prescription and recreational drugs, as well as alcohol.

In summary, we can we learn the following (and more) from retired professional football players:

If you have continuing pain or chronic injury, seek professional care to cure or reduce it. If previous treatments have failed to help you, get a second opinion…or a third or fourth. Always press forward. Never underestimate what one motivated person can do to make him/herself better. Even if you have reached the pinnacle of achievement in one field of endeavor, always seek new challenges. Always seek to learn something new. Always find new avenues of improvement for yourself. If you are unhappy, seek help….or at least find someone to talk to. Always maintain your physical fitness. Always find a way to maintain a regular program of exercise or some form of physical activity, even in the presence of pain or physical injury…no matter how severe. Your physical fitness and health may be your best…or even only weapon, against circumstances that would otherwise work against you. Always find some form of exercise or activity to do on a daily basis!!

We are a Sports Chiropractic and Rehabilitation facility located in Walnut Creek, CA. Feel free to contact us with your questions or concerns at (925) 945-1155 or

What Does An Antibiotic Resistance Mean

Antibiotic resistance refers to bacteria’s ability to resist the effects of an antibiotic and continue multiplying even while the antibiotic is still present. This usually occurs when the bacteria or the microbes change in a way that decreases the effectiveness of different types of antibiotics or chemicals that usually cure the infection.

Why do bacteria become antibiotic resistant?

Antibiotic resistance is a naturally occurring phenomenon as the resistant strains of bacteria have a higher chance of survival than the bacteria that is susceptible to the antibiotic. Although such a form of natural selection can be the cause of some further antibiotic resistance, the biggest reason for the currently high levels of antibiotic-resistant bacteria is the overuse of antibiotics. Each time that the antibiotics enter the body, they kill off all of the bacteria that is susceptible to it, but also run the risk of leaving the resistant bacteria alive, giving them a chance to grow and multiply. In many countries, people can purchase antibiotics without a prescription, or over the internet.

Such an easy availability leads to people buying and taking more antibiotics than they really need to, sometimes for illnesses as simple as the common cold, which are viral and not meant to be treated with antibiotics. Thus, it’s the frequent and sometimes improper use of the antibiotic drugs that creates more and more antibiotic resistant bacteria. Likewise, proper use of antibiotics is the way to prevent the spread of antibiotic resistance.

How do the bacteria become antibiotic resistant?

Scientists have determined that bacteria can become resistant to antibiotics through mutation .The mutations occur very rarely, approximately in one in a million cells, but they do occur. Some such mutations can get rid of the cell target that the antibiotics are designed to attack, while others create resistance through giving the bacteria the ability to produce enzymes that inactivate the antibiotics. The second way that bacteria can become resistant is by receiving that resistance from another bacterium. The bacteria can transfer their antibiotic resistance genes to other bacteria through conjugation, a bacterial mating process, or through a virus’s help. The resistant strains of one bacteriumget stored in the virus’s head and then get injected into another bacterium. Whether the bacteria gained such resistance through virus injections or through mutations, they can now resist one or more specific antibiotic. Later that antibiotic resistance can spread both vertically and horizontally to affect more bacteria.

What are the dangers of antibiotic resistance?

Antibiotic resistance is believed to be one of the world’s biggest health problems. The reason for this is that most of the bacteria have already become stronger or more resistant to antibiotics in some way. There is no longer a guarantee that an antibiotic will be effective when it is really needed. Moreover, the bacteria can easily travel from one person to another, soon putting the whole community and the world at risk. It is antibiotic resistance that is the main cause of many new infectious diseases that scientists find so difficult to treat.